The history of the Lafite vineyard goes back a long way. In the late 17th century, Jacques de Ségur laid out vines on a vineyard which already contained some areas of vines and his wine was already of a good standard. His son, Alexandre, extended the Chateau Lafite Rothschild domaine when he married the Latour heiress in 1695. Their son, Nicolas-Alexandre, built up the prestige and reputation of Lafite in the 18th century and it was popular at Versailles, as well as in Britain. When he died, Lafite passed through a number of hands and was sold at auction during the French Revolution, but the high quality was preserved, due to the skills of the vineyard managers, Joseph Goudal and his family. Château Lafite was classified Premier cru in 1855. In 1868, Baron James de Rothschild bought the domaine at auction and it has remained in his family ever since. Quality is dictated by an exceptional terroir (a thick layer of gravel on marl, with a limestone subsoil) and also notably by the average age of the vines (over 40 years old), a low yield per hectare and very rigorous selection. In the years 1960-1970 the wines were of poorer quality as the management of the domaine and vinification process was less stringent.
About the cuvée
Moulin des Carruades was one of the names given to the second Château Lafite Rothschild wine until the mid 1980s. Two names coexisted for a long time to describe the domaine's second wine: Moulin des Carruades and Carruades de Lafite. In the 1985 vintage, the second wine was still being sold with the two names on the label, but from 1986 onwards, there was only one label and the Carruades de Lafite was retained.
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