Built at the end of the 14th century, around 1380, Château Carbonnieux is one of the oldest wines produced in the ancient terroir of Graves, the region where Bordeaux's first vines were planted. The vineyard lies on silica-limestone hilltops overlooking the cool Eau Blanche valley, which crosses the commune of Léognan. Despite the poor state of the vineyard the Perrin family, who already owned vines in Algeria, set their hearts on this property in the 1950s. Ravaged by phylloxera at the end of the 19th century, the property suffered from the chronic over-production crisis that engulfed many of France's wine regions until the end of the 1960s. The dilapidated buildings had not been properly maintained since the First World War. Furthermore, the year following the purchase (1956) brought one of the worst frosts of the century, with temperatures going down to almost -20°C! Marc Perrin undertook to restore the property to its former 17th century splendour. A complete replanting programme was initiated in the vineyard. Both white and red are classified during the Graves wine classification of 1959. It is one of the six chateaux whose both colours are classified. Thelabours began to bear fruit in the early 1980s, under the supervision of Antony Perrin, who took over the reins in 1982. A tremendous visionary, he raised both the red and the white wine to an exceptional level. He also bought other properties in the appellation such as Le Sartre, Tour-Léognan, Bois-Martin, Lafon-Menaut and Haut-Vigneu.
About the cuvée
The Tour Léognan, used to be the second wine of Carbonnieux. It may be now considered as its third wine since the creation of La Croix de Carbonnieux. This cru presents a superb Pessac to drink young fruit after 2 to 6 years of aging.
The best vintages for Château la Tour Léognan :
1995, 1990, 1989, 1985, 1982
The information published presents current information on the wine concerned and is not specific to a certain vintage. This text is protected by copyright and it is forbidden to copy without prior written consent from the author.
General : The «bio» designation covers certified wines produced by biodynamic or organic methods, sustainably produced wines, and «environmentally friendly» wines that are not officially certified. These designations apply to recent vintages (the date of certification, if known, is specified in the estate description). See the blog article for more information on this designation.
Biodynamic : The «biodynamic» designation is used for all estates certified as using biodynamic methods, as verified by one of the two official bodies, Demeter or Biodyvin. All wines produced by biodynamic methods are also certified as organic. This designation applies to recent vintages.
Organic : The «organic» designation covers all estates certified as using organic methods, as verified by one of the bodies approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, such as Ecocert. This designation applies to recent vintages.
Sustainable : The «sustainable» designation covers all estates certified as using integrated or High Environmental Value (level 3 Environmental Certification) techniques. This designation applies to recent vintages.
Evironmentally friendly : The «environmentally friendly» designation refers to estates practising environmentally friendly wine-growing techniques, but that have not opted for certification or who are still in the process of converting to organic agriculture or biodynamics. These estates may have adopted biodynamic principles (non-certified) or simply no longer use chemical products. This designation applies to recent vintages.
Natural : Wines which are produced without any added sulfur (or almost any) and with no other inputs. However, given that there is no official body to issue the natural wine label, it is based on winemakers’ statements. This designation applies to recent vintages.