Merlot

The principle grape variety of Bordeaux now flourishes in winemaking regions all over the world. In Bordeaux, Merlot vines account for 65,000 hectares of the 111,000 hectares of red grape varieties planted in the region. Most of them are found on the right bank, particularly in Saint-Emilion and Pomerol but also Fronsac (thanks to its clay rich soils). On the left bank, in the Médoc, Cabernet Sauvignon is the leading variety, but Merlot still enjoys a strong presence (especially in Moulis and Listrac). Beyond Bordeaux, Merlot has found a home in Bergerac where it moderates the powerful and tannic Malbecs of Cahors. It’s also cultivated in appellations with an oceanic climate in the West such as Cabardès, Limoux and Malepère.

Within Europe, Merlot thrives in Switzerland, in Tessin in particular. It is also a popular variety in New World wines thanks its ability to adapt to many different soil types and climates. It is quick to ripen and on gravel rich soils which can pose a risk of over ripening. On the clay rich soils of Pomerol and Saint-Emilion it flourishes. There, it produces wine with notes of violet and peony, as well as red fruit and black fruit aromas. With time, Merlot wines develop more tertiary flavours with notes of mushroom, undergrowth, truffle and tobacco, even old leather.

Discover other grappes varieties


Aglianico
Aligoté
Arbane
Baco
Barbera
Barbarossa
Bourboulenc
Cabernet franc
Cabernet Sauvignon
Camaralet
Carignan
Cartoixa
Carménère
Chardonnay
Chenin Blanc
Clairette
Colombard
Cinsault
Corvina
Counoise
Dolcetto
Douce Noire
Folle Blanche
Furmint
Gamay
Gewurztraminer
Gibert
Gros Manseng
Grenache
Jacquère
Jurançon noir
Lauzet
Macabeu
Malbec
Malvoisie
Marsanne
Merlot
Melon de bourgogne
Mondeuse
Mondeuse Blanche
Mourvèdre
Muscadelle
Muscardin
Muscat
Muscat blanc à petits grains
Nebbiolo
Nerello capuccio
Nerello mascalese
Nero d'Avola
Négrette
Noual
Perdo ximenez
Pelaverga piccolo
Petit manseng
Petit Meslier
Petit verdot
Persan
Pinot blanc
Pinot gris
Pinot meunier
Pinot noir
Poulsard
Riesling
Ribolla gialla
Rondinella
Roussanne
Sangiovese
Sauvignon Blanc
Sauvignon à gros grains
Savagnin
Sémillon
Sylvaner
Syrah
Tempranillo
Terret noir
Trousseau
Trebbiano
Ugni
Ugni blanc
Vaccarèse
Valdiguié
Viognier
Zinfandel