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A guide to the different grape varieties

The variety of grape used to make a wine is one of the most influential factors affecting the flavour of the wine. There are endless different grape varieties stemming from the Vitis vinifera vine with those that give the best flavour profiles being particularly prolific all over the world. Grape varieties can be blended, or a single grape variety can be used on its own (such is the case in Burgundy where Pinot Noir is used to make red wine and Chardonnay is used to make white). Many New World producers use European varieties and will often display the name of the grape variety on the bottle label. In France, mention of the grape variety is rare but is sometimes indicated on the label of certain vins de pays.