Wines from Burgundy

Wines from Burgundy

Viticulture arrived in Burgundy before the start of the Christian era but developed mainly under the Roman occupation. The rise of Cluny and the monastic orders in the 10th century led to the growth of winemaking and, in the Middle Ages, the power of the duchy of Burgundy favoured its production. Originally monastic and aristocratic, during the 19th century, winemaking became bourgeois and popular. Located in the centre-east part of France, Burgundy extends over 300 km. Known as the land of small landowners, where the average domain never exceeds ten hectares, it produces many treasures. The limestone subsoil is covered on the surface by hillsides where the vines grow.

the grape varieties of burgundy

The vineyard has two grape varieties: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. With delicate vinification, Pinot Noir produces subtle and smooth red wines with notes of red fruit. It turns out to be quite tricky to vinify this grape variety in order to have sufficient aromas, colours and tannins, especially since the northern climate sometimes prevents the full maturation of the berries. Chardonnay, used for Burgundy white wine, gives very different results depending on the vinification and terroirs. Less demanding in production than for red wines, Chardonnay produces complex and concentrated wines. A fine white Burgundy will be ample, with honey and hazelnut notes. The Aligoté grape produces Burgundy Aligoté, a lively and easy-to-drink white wine. Crémant de Bourgogne made mainly from Chardonnay, is an effervescent wine, fermented in the bottle.

Burgundy classification and appellations

Burgundy wines are classified into four major categories. The grands crus, gathering 33 A.O.C., are 2% of total production. The premiers crus for 561 climats represent 12% of total production. Certain climats are indeed entitled to the name premier crus. Village-appellations group the A.O.C. from the name of the village or can include several communes such as Chablis. Regional appellations regroup 22 regional A.O.C. and 50% red wines.

Burgundy wines

PRODUCER LIST FROM Burgundy


A.F. Gros Agnès Paquet Alain Gras Alain Michelot Albert Bichot Albert Grivault Albert Morot Alex Gambal Amiot-Servelle Anne Boisson Anne Gros Antoine Jobard Arlaud Armand Rousseau Armelle et Bernard Rion Arnaud Ente Arnoux-Lachaux Bachelet-Ramonet Ballot Millot Bernard Bachet et Fils Bernard Boisson-Vadot Bernard Defaix Bernard Morey Bertagna Billaud-Simon Blain-Gagnard Bonneau du Martray Bouchard Père & Fils Bouchard Père & Fils (domaine) Bruno Clair Bruno Clavelier Bruno Colin Camus Père et Fils Carré Courbin Catherine et Dominique Derain Chantal Lescure Chantal Remy Chantemerle Charles Noëllat Charles Viénot Charlopin-Parizot Château de Beauregard - Joseph Burri... Château de Chamirey Château de la Maltroye Château de La Tour Château de Marsannay Château de Meursault Château de Pommard Château de Puligny-Montrachet Château Gris - Albert Bichot Chavy-Chouet Christian Clerget Christian Confuron Christian Sérafin Père et Fils Christophe Buisson Clair Daü Claude Dugat Claudie Jobard Clos de Tart Clos Frantin - Albert Bichot Coche-Bizouard Coche-Dury Colinot Comte Armand Comte Georges de Vogüé Comte Liger-Belair Comtes Lafon Confuron-Cotetidot Corinne et Jean-Pierre Grossot David Duband David Moret Debray Denis Bachelet Denis Mortet Deux Montille Soeurs Frère Domaine Adélie - Albert Bichot Domaine Bart Domaine Billard Père et Fils Domaine Bizot Domaine Brintet Domaine Chevalier Domaine d'Auvenay Domaine de Chassorney - Frédéric Cos... Domaine de Courcel Domaine de la Bongran Domaine de La Croix Senaillet Domaine de la Ferté Domaine de la Folie Domaine de la Pousse d'Or Domaine de la Romanée-Conti Domaine de la Soufrandière Domaine de l'Arlot Domaine de Montille Domaine A. et P. de Villaine Domaine d'Elise Domaine des Croix Domaine des Lambrays Domaine des Moirots Domaine des Perdrix Domaine des Tilleuls - Philippe Live... Domaine des Varoilles Domaine d'Eugénie (René Engel) Domaine du Pavillon - Albert Bichot Domaine Dubreuil-Fontaine Domaine Matrot Domaine Méo-Camuzet Domaine Moine-Hudelot Domaine Parent Domaine Patrick Hudelot Domaine Perrot-Minot Dominique Lafon Dominique Laurent Dominique Mugneret Drouhin-Laroze Dugat-Py Dujac Dujac Fils et Père Dupont-Fahn Dupont-Tisserandot Emmanuel Rouget Etienne Sauzet Fabien Coche-Bouillot Fabrice Larochette Faiveley Fernand et Laurent Pillot Fery Meunier Follin-Arbelet Fontaine-Gagnard Forey Père et Fils Fourrier François Carillon François Lamarche François Lumpp François Mikulski François Rapet François Raquillet Françoise et Denis Clair Frantz Chagnoleau Frédéric Magnien François Gaunoux Geantet-Pansiot Georges Lignier Georges Mugneret-Gibourg Georges Roumier Gérard Mouton Gérard Mugneret Gérard Raphet Ghislaine Barthod Gilbert Picq et Fils Gilles Remoriquet Gros Frère & Soeur Guffens Heynen Guillot-Broux Harmand-Geoffroy Henri Boillot Henri Clerc Henri et Gilles Buisson Henri Gouges Henri Jayer Henri Rebourseau Heresztyn Héritiers du Comte Lafon Hospices de Beaune Hubert Lamy Hubert Lignier Humbert J.A. Ferret Jacky Truchot Jacques et Nathalie Saumaize Jacques Prieur Jacques-Frédéric Mugnier Jayer-Gilles Jean Boillot Jean Chartron Jean et Jean-Louis Trapet Jean Fournier Jean Grivot Jean Gros Jean Raphet Jean-Baptiste Ponsot Jean-Jacques Confuron Jean-Marc Pillot Jean-Paul & Benoît Droin Jean-Philippe Fichet Jean-Pierre Mugneret Jean-Yves Devevey Joblot Joseph Drouhin Joseph Drouhin (domaine) Joseph Roty Joseph Voillot La Vougeraie Labet Lafarge Laroche Larue Laurent Roumier Le Clos des Rocs Lécheneaut Leflaive Leroy (domaine) Leroy SA Lignier-Michelot Long Depaquit - Albert Bichot Louis Carillon Louis Carillon & Fils Louis Jadot Louis Jadot (domaine) Louis Latour Louis Michel et Fils Lucien Boillot & Fils Lucien Le Moine Lucien Muzard et Fils Marc Colin Marc Morey Marc Rougeot-Dupin Marc Roy Marquis d'Angerville Méo-Camuzet Frère & Soeurs Michel Bouzereau et Fils Michel Caillot Michel Ecard Michel Juillot Michel Niellon Michel Noëllat et Fils Michel-Colin-Deléger Michèle et Patrice Rion Mongeard-Mugneret Morey-Coffinet Nathalie Vigot Nicolas Maillet Nicolas Potel Olivier Bernstein Olivier Guyot Olivier Merlin Patrick Javillier Patrick Piuze Pattes Loup Paul & Marie Jacqueson Paul Pillot Pavelot Perrot-Minot Philippe Colin Pierre Amiot et Fils Pierre Boisson Pierre Damoy Pierre Morey Morey-Blanc Pierre Naigeon Pierre-Yves Colin Morey Pinson Frères Ponsot Prieuré Roch Ragot Ramonet Rapet Père & Fils Raveneau Rémi Jobard Remoissenet Père et Fils René Bourgeon René Bouvier René Engel - domaine d'Eugénie Robert Chevillon Robert Denogent Robert Groffier Père & Fils Roche de Bellenne Roger Belland Roger Péguet Rossignol-Trapet Roulot Sainte-Barbe Sarazin Michel et Fils Simon Bize et Fils Stéphane Aladame Stéphane Magnien Sylvain Cathiard & Fils Sylvain Pataille Sylvie Boyer Sylvie Esmonin Thibault Liger-Belair Tollot Beaut Valette Verget Vincent Dancer Vincent Dauvissat Vincent Dureuil-Janthial Vincent Girardin William Fèvre Bret Brothers Château des Jacques - Louis Jadot Château du Moulin à Vent Domaine des Rois Mages Domaine Jaeger Defaix Louis Moreau Vignerons des Terres Secrètes Domaine Chanson Père et Fils Alice et Olivier De Moor Goisot Chandon de Briailles Joseph Colin

WINES FROM CÔTE D'OR

The Côte d'Or, split in the middle by Beaune, includes two main wine-producing areas: the Côte de Nuits and the Côte de Beaune.

Côte de Nuits

The Côte de Nuits is a narrow strip from Dijon to the north of Beaune, extending over 22 km. It takes its name from the village of Nuits-Saint-Georges. This wine region has semi-continental weather conditions and cold, dry winds. The limestone and sandy subsoil is covered with marls of limestone pebbles.

Côte de Beaune

The Côte de Beaune represents the southern half of the famous Côte d'Or vineyard. It extends over 2,800ha. With a temperate climate and fairly humid winds, this area is however more homogeneous than the Côte de Nuits. In the north, it is a low plateau covered with coloured earth and deep soils where very fine red wines are made. In the south, white wines are produced on limestone marls covered with pebbles and gravel. The red wines (Pommard, Volnay, and so on), made from Pinot Noir, are renowned for their suppleness and finesse while the white wines (Montrachet, Meursault and Corton), made with Chardonnay, have a good ageing potential and are richer and more complex. They are certainly the most elegant white wines in the world. The Hospices de Beaune, located in the general hospital with superb Burgundian architecture, was founded in 1443 by Chancellor Rolin for the benefit of the poor and sick. After 500 years of legacies and gifts, an immense domain was created but it was only in 1859 that auctions were organised. Since then, this event has been a real success.

WINES FROM CÔTE CHALONNAISE

This vineyard, long unknown, owes its name to its proximity with Châlon-sur-Saône. Located between Chagny and Saint-Gengoux-le-National (Saône et Loire), it spreads over 44 communes, in the natural extension of the Côte de Beaune, with the same soil, cultivation and vinification methods, and commercial traditions. The climat is somewhat drier than in Côte d'Or and the best hillsides are protected from frost and hail. The soil is made of a limestone rock covered with clay sands. This vineyard mainly includes 5 A.O.C.: Rully, Mercurey, Givry, Montagny (only in white) and Burgundy Côte Chalonnaise (since 1990). The grape varieties used are those of the Côte d'Or: Chardonnay for white wines and Pinot Noir for red wines.

WINES FROM MACONNAIS

Located halfway between Lyon and Beaune, on the southern tip of Burgundy, this vast vineyard enjoys a more southerly climate than the rest of the region. The rather complex subsoil has many fault lines. Very chalky, it suits perfectly Chardonnay but it also includes granitic areas, ideal for Gamay culture. This wine-growing region produces red and white wines. The red wines produced mainly from Gamay and Pinot Noir are red Mâcon and Burgundy. The white wines, mostly made with Chardonnay, are mainly from Mâcon, Saint Véran and the famous Pouilly-Fuissé, the glory of the Mâconnais, which should not be confused with Pouilly Fumé, a wine from the Loire valley.

Rating and information of the wines from Burgundy


Romanée-Conti Grand Cru Domaine de... Richebourg Grand Cru Henri Jayer Musigny Grand Cru Georges Roumier ... Vosne-Romanée 1er Cru Cros Paranto... Richebourg Grand Cru Domaine de la... Montrachet Grand Cru Domaine Lefla... Chambertin Grand Cru Armand Rousse... Echézeaux Grand Cru Henri Jayer Gaudichots La Romanée Grand Cru Comte Liger-B... La Tâche Grand Cru Domaine de la R... Montrachet Grand Cru Domaine de la... Musigny Grand Cru Domaine Comte Ge... Musigny Grand Cru Leroy (Domaine) Bonnes-Mares Grand Cru Bouchard Pè... Chambertin Clos de Bèze Grand Cru ... Musigny Grand Cru Faiveley (Domain... Chambertin Grand Cru Leroy (Domain... Vosne-Romanée 1er Cru Les Brûlées ... Richebourg Grand Cru Leroy (Domain... Grands-Echézeaux Grand Cru Domaine... Bonnes-Mares Grand Cru Georges Rou... Bonnes-Mares Grand Cru Leroy (Doma... Vosne-Romanée Henri Jayer Corton-Charlemagne Grand Cru Coche... Montrachet Grand Cru Ramonet (Doma... Chambolle-Musigny 1er Cru Les Amou... Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet Grand Cru... Clos des Lambrays Grand Cru Domain... Nuits Saint-Georges Les Meurgers H... Grands-Echézeaux Grand Cru Leroy Clos de Tart Grand Cru Mommessin Romanée-Saint-Vivant Grand Cru Ler... Chevalier-Montrachet Grand Cru Dom... Montrachet Grand Cru Comtes Lafon ... Musigny Grand Cru Joseph Drouhin Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet Grand... Bonnes-Mares Grand Cru Dujac (Doma... Latricières-Chambertin Grand Cru L... Musigny Leroy N. Griotte-Chambertin Grand Cru Claud... Clos de la Roche Grand Cru Dujac (...